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The Five Types of Salmon Fish in The World – Description and Nutritional Content

by Yoga Adi Priambodo

Fish is one of marine biota who lives peacefully under the ocean. We usually farm them in order to get either money or consume them directly as food. One of the types of fish, is Salmon. Salmon is a common type of fish that usually inhabits the area of North America and South America. You can find them in groups both in Great Lake of North America, one of the largest lakes in the world and Patagonia. Salmons usually do migration. Once they’re hatched in the fresh water, they will go to the ocean, and finally gathered again in fresh water in order to reproduce. An interesting thing to notice is they will always go back to the spot where they hatched before. Studies even show that this is true.

             However, there are some types of Salmon in this world, spreading from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean. In total, there are fivedifferent types of them. Most of them mainly inhabit the North America region, while the other in Asia. So, without further ado, let us introduce you to the five types of salmon fish in the world starting from number one, the Chinook Salmon.

1. Chinook

This one is surely can’t be included as one of the types of small ocean fish. With its gigantic size, Chinook is known as the King of Salmon, having the largest body of all that ranges from 28 to 40 inches. It’s also quite heavy. One Chinook can grow up to the maximum 30lbs. It has many other different names, including the King, Blackmouth, and Tyee. However, the name Chinook came from native tribe who lives in Columbia River. Based on what they use to call this fish, the name later capitalized and even considered as a proper name for this specific salmon species.

Chinook is commonly harvested in Alaska and Washington. And usually, they’re sold either fresh (which is best) or frozen. About the nutrition, Chinook salmon has the highest total fat level (about 10,43 grams per 100g serving), but with minimum level of cholesterol (50 milligrams per 100g serving). It also has a high level of Vitamin D and Vitamin B12. Plus, Chinook is considered to be type of Salmon that has the highest Omega 3 content (3,100 milligrams per 100g serving).

2. Coho

             Next is Coho. Coho is the second abundant type of Salmon, just after Chinook. Coho is highly noticable for its bright red color when spawning in the stream. Their color changes when reaching the ocean. However, Coho salmon has the ability to swim away about 100 miles long, with the exception of some species that can reach about a thousand miles. Coho salmons are also one of the most farmed salmons. They usually sold fresh in the market.

             People would like to consume Coho because it actually has a considerably high level of Omega 3 (1,260 milligrams per 100g serving) with the additional low level of fat and cholesterol, really healthy for diet.

3. Chum

            The third one on the five types of salmon fish in the world , is Chum Salmon. It’s Chum’s turn now, or as we usually call it as The Dog. This one is the second largest type of Salmon, and most noticably for their unique varigated colors. In the river stream, they colored in some kind of green with the additional dark red stripes. It changes in the ocean. Usually they will have this kind of silver metallic color. Chum Salmons also have a long –life span of more than four years.

             This Chum species actually has the second lowest level of fat, just next to Pink species about 3,77 grams per 100g serving. About the Omega3, it doesn’t have the level as high as the first two species on the list as it only has 840 milligrams per 100g serving. Even though it’s low in fat, but it’s the species that has the highest level of cholesterol, reaching 74 milligrams per 100g serving.

4. Sockeye

             Other then finding some common types of ocean fish, you can aswell find the Sockeye salmons. They’re known as Blue-back, and considered to be the most farmed salmon species. Sockeye salmons tend to live in the ocean, because they can get all the planktons as their meal. However, they usually spawn in the streams in red color, while in the ocean, they’re mainly greenish blue.

             About the nutririon, Sockeye has the second highest Omega 3 level, 1,495 milligrams per 100g serving. It also doesn’t have that high level of fat and cholesterol, which is about 8,56 grams of total fat and 62 milligrams of cholesterol.

5. Masu

Other than finding types of jellyfish in Asia, you can also meet the Asian salmons, including Masu. Masu commonly found in the Northern part of Pacific Ocean, including Japan, Korea, and Taiwan.  It’s pretty small than the other species, reaching 4,4 to 5,5lb. But, the largest size was found in Primorsky Krai with 20lb in weight. This type of Salmon usually raised for aquaculture and fisheries, considering it has pretty high commercial value.

Masu salmon has a pretty high level of protein (30,36g) and low level of fat (7,1g), which is really good for some meals.

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