Water pollution has a detrimental effect on humans. The impact of water pollution includes several things such as the impact on the industry, the impact on agriculture, the impact on the environment, and the closest to us is the impact of water pollution on household activities. The following is an explanation of the effects of water pollution on daily household activities.
- Lack of Clean Water for Consumption
Consuming lots of water is very beneficial for the body. Among the benefits of water for the body is delivering food extracts throughout the body. The water we consume daily must be clean and free of disease-causing bacteria. However, in recent years, many sources of groundwater have been polluted. Turbid and smelly water caused by water pollution is very unfit for consumption. It causes lack of clean water for consumption. The measurement of consumption of clean water will later have an impact on health and others.
- Less Water for Daily Activities
Humans cannot live without water when doing daily activities. In addition to consumption, several household activities that really need the presence of clean water are:
- Wash food and clothing
- Cook food
- Cleanse the body (bathing and salinity)
- Water the plants
All activities mentioned above needs the role of water. It is conceivable when water is polluted by pollutants, it will be very difficult for humans to find clean water. Household activities will also be disrupted.
- Low quality of Health
One function of water is to improve the body’s immune system. This function can be carried out if the water consumed is clean. When water is polluted, it won’t contain any good function for the body, but instead causes disease. The emergence of this disease can be due to lack of water consumption because the availability of clean water is not fulfilled. It could also be due to the compulsion to consume polluted water in high intensity to cause disease.
An indication of a decline in health level is that the body is very susceptible to disease. The mildest diseases that arise from lack of water are headaches, cracked skin, constipation, and mild dehydration. But if the condition is left and added to the consumption of water contaminated with waste, it will cause more serious damage to the body, such as vomiting, typhus, dysentery, and so on. If water is polluted by wastes containing heavy metals, the disease will occur that attacks blood cells.
Water pollution causes water to no longer be used but instead causes it to become a breeding ground for bacteria that are harmful to health. Health problems caused by water pollution can be classified into 4, namely:
- Water diseases is a term for diseases that can be transmitted directly through water consumed daily. Examples: Cholera and typhus.
- Water washed diseases, is a term for diseases caused by a lack of consumption of clean water. Examples: Skin infections and leprosy.
- Water-based diseases, namely the term for diseases that are still associated with the presence of parasitic worms that inhabit polluted water.
- Water-related vectors is a term for the disease that causes breeding in the water. Example: Dengue hemorrhagic fever and malaria.
- Increased Monthly Expenses
When groundwater has been polluted with water, the water cannot be used even though the amount is very large. This requires that we look for other water sources to meet our daily water needs. The easiest and most often done way is to buy clean water from mountain springs or buy bottled mineral water.
This method is practical, but of course, it will increase the cost of household expenses every month, a budget that should be used for other purposes is used up to buy clean water instead. The price of one liter of water is not as expensive as the price of one liter of motorized fuel. But as we know our need for water is far more than the need for fuel. Thus, indirectly water pollution affects the economy in the household.
- The Loss of Family’s Livelihood
Various types of livelihoods require the presence of water. Farmers need water to irrigate rice fields. Farmers need water to feed their livestock. Farmers really need water to breed their fish. Simple industries such as tofu and tempe manufacturing plants also need clean water for their raw materials.
When water is polluted, farmers will find it difficult to get water to irrigate their fields. They can fail crops and get no profit. Some farmers also choose not to take care of the fields when there is no water. The same losses will also be experienced by farmers and fish farmers. If water pollution continues to be allowed, many of the family heads will lose their livelihoods.
How to Regulate Water Pollution
After knowing the effects of water pollution, we will definitely wonder “How to deal with water pollution?” There are many ways to deal with water pollution. But the most important thing is our awareness to carry out activities in order to overcome the effects of water pollution. Here are some ways to deal with water pollution.
- Providing education to the community about the importance of clean water sources and how to protect water sources from pollution.
- Growing public awareness to care for clean water sources around settlements.
- Do not dispose of waste and any waste on the river.
- Managing waste well so it is not dangerous when dumped into rivers.
- Maintaining the preservation of forests around the residence.
- Do not make buildings on the banks of the river.
- Planting trees on the riverbank so that there is no river erosion.
That is the article about the impact of water pollution on daily household activities. Hopefully, it can be a lesson for us and make us aware of the importance and role of water for our lives.
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