Here we go again in the deepoceanfacts.com, #1 underwater studies and laboratory site. In this occasion, deepoceanfacts.com will talk about the effects of ocean layer in an article entitle: 15 Effects About Layers Of The Ocean Which You Should Know.
The ocean really has several about layers, these layers are divided into five zones. Each of these zones, there are many things that live in these zones. However, while each ocean layer has polluted by pollution, what are the effects of the layer of the ocean? How is the life of biodiversity in each layer of the ocean? So, let’s check these out, you will know it.
Part of layers of the ocean
The major part layers of the ocean are divided into five zones. There are Epilogic zone, Mesopelagic zone, Bathypelagic zone, Abyssopelagic zone, and the last is Hadalpelagic zone. Above five zones are divided by the depth of the ocean, it starts from 200 meters to 10.911 meters. Every zone, there are many kinds of biodiversity that live here. However, the increases pollution in the earth, it makes some of the biodiversity in the ocean is threatened. Epilogic zone is the most zone that threatens amongst all the zones.
The increases of temperature on light zone
Epilogic zone is the first layer of the ocean and it is also known as the light zone. In this zones are a good place for algae to do photosynthesis. It will produce some foods that are needed by the fishes. However, every year the temperature of oceans increases. It is because of the effect of the greenhouse, and we know it as global warming. Yes, fossil fuel has been using by a human to their source energy. The pollutant that is on the earth was trapped and that is why the heat in the earth becomes increases.
Lots of plastic wastes fly on the ocean
It is still in the light zone, any waste that from any river. They are always in this zone first, the light zones. All types of waste, both organic and non-organic waste have compounds that can kill the lives of fish and other animals that live around the coast. Of course, this is also harmful, especially fishermen who catch fishes in the ocean. Besides, the waste that enters this zone, like oil waste. This certainly will kill the fish and the surrounding environment. It will also dangerous to all. Many fish will die, the environment around the waters becomes dirty due to the oil waste itself, and damage to the ecosystem around the coastline. More causes of plastic pollution in the ocean, you also can read in here. That is so horrible.
The direct sunlight does not come into this zone
Epilogic zones are a zone that has ocean ranging from the surface to 656 feet. So, in here the sun can still penetrate into the ocean. However, the increase in the impact of air pollution which has increased dramatically and the waste of dirty water that has been dumped directly from these has cruise ships caused the color of ocean water to become a bit dark, and this is what makes the sunlight blocked into the ocean. The bad effect that occurs is that when sunlight cannot penetrate this zone, a number of marine plants cannot carry out photosynthesis. Automatically, the food products produced will decrease and this can affect delays in growth such as fishes, plankton, and a number of biodiversities that require food from here.
More of corals reefs have been destroyed
Most of oceanic life are in the epilogic zone, there is include the coral reefs. As we know that coral reefs are very important to the environment, you can read more in some of the importance of coral reefs to the environment here. So, what will happen if corals reef has been destroyed by the human? It is very horrible when human destroy the coral reefs with a fish bomb (example), this does not only damage the entire network of coral reefs but can also pollute the area in this zone. A number of living things will die because of the poison carried by this deadly fish bomb. The use of this fish bomb continues to be used despite warnings from the government.
The coral reefs are bleaching
Other causes of coral reef damage are due to nature. Ocean temperatures that are too high can also make coral reefs threatened. Zooxanthella is a microalga that lives in coral tissue, it will fade if there is a change in ocean water that above or under normal conditions. Coral reefs can live and grow well in tropical temperatures 28 degrees to 29 degrees Celsius. If the temperature in the ocean is higher or lower then signs of bleaching on coral reefs will occur. The higher of temperature in the oceans can occur because of global warming on ocean level.
The use of pesticides on soil
The use of pesticides on soil is one of water pollution, so this pollution it can also affect the oceanic life too, but how? Pesticides that use a human on land and then it brought by rain and wind. The chemical compounds in pesticides will be carried by rain and wind. This is what causes pesticides to enter several layers of the ocean, such as epilogic zone and mesopelagic zone. So, by decreasing the use of pesticide, it can be ways to solve water pollution.
Less of ocean oxygen
Decreased oxygen levels in the sea are reported by a lot of researchers to decline faster than expected. This is due to the ever-increasing earth temperature. It can be seen that the north pole, the ices began to melt and this causes the volume of the ocean increases. Ocean water that cold like in the north pole can still accommodate gas rather than warm ocean water in a tropical climate. The researchers said this is the basic physics.
[15 Effects About Layers Of The Ocean Which You Should Know]
Do mining in the deep ocean
Mining activities are not only carried out on land but also in the ocean. This method has actually been carried out for a long time but it is only carried out around the epipelagic zone and mesopelagic zone. Now, human civilization is increasingly advanced and modern. With this technology, humans can mine silver, gold, copper, cobalt, and zinc at a depth of more than two thousand meters below the ocean. This zone is usually in the range of the bathypelagic zone and abyssopelagic zone. This mining activity can of course cause some damage to the underwater environment and increase the spread of toxins in the region.
Toxic gases come out from deep ocean volcanoes
Deep-sea volcanoes are found around the Pacific Ocean, especially in the ring area of the fire. These deep-sea volcanoes are very difficult to find because they are located below the deep sea, between the abyssopelagic zone and the hadalpelagic zone. To find out about the volcanic eruption a number of scientists conducted research using robots to see how strong the volcanic eruption of the ocean was. It was said, while an ocean volcano erupted there were many toxic gases coming out; such as carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen. These toxic gases are very dangerous for living things that live around the ocean volcano.
Liquid lava reaches out until thousands of degrees Celsius
It is still around both the abyssopelagic zone and the hadalpelagic zone when an oceanic volcano erupts, lava flares that come out from here and this is the same as it is on land. Miraculously, the lava that flares out of the ocean volcano was not extinguished even though it was under the ocean. Scientists say that the lava coming out of the ocean volcano is more than thousands of degrees Celsius. Of course, this heat from lava will not be able to be held by living things that survive around it.
The deepest trench is polluted
It has been stated by some scientists that there is no layer of the ocean that is safe from pollution, including the deepest part of the ocean, yes this is the hadalpelagic zone. Where this layer is at a depth of 6000 meters under the ocean. This zone is the innermost zone of the other layers. How can the sea trench where the deepest ocean layer can be polluted? Plastic compounds or other wastes that enter the ocean will surely lead to this last layer. This is where all the waste that comes in is broken down by bacteria. Bacteria is one of the decomposers in the ocean, otherwise, there are some living things like worms and crabs that also do decompose of the waste. The Mariana Trench located in the western Pacific Ocean, a number of scientists found several communities of bacterial activity of tens of millions of microbes in the Mariana trench.
Do reuse, reduce, and recycle
So, what should humans do with pollution in every layer of the ocean? We must change our lifestyle from now. Reduce the use of plastic, use cloth bags to shop. Also, take advantage of plastic waste and change it into something that has a selling value. Please do reuse, reduce, and recycle if we want to conserve our oceans. It is really important to conserve our ocean and the marine life, you can take a look at this.
Awareness of all humans
The warning by the government is not to dispose of waste carelessly and the use of fishing equipment which is dangerous for marine life is available. However, humans still do not have awareness of this. If there has been erosion, abrasion and even a tsunami that can blow all creatures, then we realize that all this is the result of human actions themselves.
Use renewable energy
The uses of ocean wave energy are the one of the renewable energy that finds by some researchers in all over the worlds. This renewable energy is new, only a few countries with technological progress and have a dominant ocean that can use this technology. Besides, there is also solar energy which is also an alternative energy substitute for fossil fuels. With these two renewable technologies, at least it can be a solution to reduce the current greenhouse gas emissions.
Hopefully, the 15 effects about layers of the ocean above can be useful for us. With this, we can know that in fact, all the layers in the ocean are currently very threatened. None of them are free from pollution. May with this warning we can become aware of the dangers that will occur in the future.