13 Effects of Acid Rain on Ocean That You Should Know
Rain is one of the natural phenomena that exist on planet Earth. It is a part of the hydro logical cycle. A water activity that causes the water to run out even to meet all human needs on Earth pretty much described what rain is. There are some causes to rain, and besides that rain also consists of various types or various kinds which of course provide many benefits for creatures that exist on this earth. Hence the most complete eight characteristics of the Pacific ocean you can know.
Thus, there are several types of rain that exist on Earth because of the cause and location of the rain. Of the several types of rain mentioned above, the one that we will be discussing is acid rain. You should know the following effects of acid on ocean like the example and explanation below:
1. Increases Acidity in Sea Water
One of the causes of acidity in the sea consists of pollution and rainwater. If acid rain often flushes the sea, over time the sea water content will be contaminated with acid. Too much acid can cause many factors that can endanger the sea and animals in it. Therefore, it is important to be able to overcome acid rain that often occurs. The effects of natural disasters on the ocean that can cause harm.
2. Decreasing amount of fish in the ocean
One of the effects of acid rain is the decrease in the number of fish in the sea and in other water sources that are directly exposed to acid rain. The acid content in acid rain can cause harm not only to the animals in the sea but also other aquatic organisms. For us human, we might be able to know this if we find a lot of dead animals in the water. Acid content is indeed very dangerous, even if humans consume too much acid or are exposed to acid, humans can suffer from allergies and other diseases that are quite dangerous.
3. Plants in the sea lost its nutrition
The effects of acid on ocean are then removing nutrients in seawater. In addition to the waxy layer on plants that can be damaged, in fact, acid rain can also eliminate the nutrients that these plants have. We know that plants have the highest position in the food chain, namely as a producer or producer of food. As a producer, of course, plants have a lot of nutrients. The presence of acid rain can eliminate the nutrients contained in these plants. The loss of nutrients will eventually make the plant die and need more time for conservation. The following effects of ocean noise pollution on marine animals.
4. Making rust on the iron on the seabed
The impact of acid rain which is most easily seen by the human eye is the bonding of metals, especially in the most easily corroded iron. The substances contained in this acid rain can easily make the metal rust, especially those directly exposed to the acid rain. So from that, iron fences are easier to rust because of direct acid rain. If in the sea there are remaining corals or other objects of iron, then over time the object will rust and certainly make it more porous. Therefore, iron alone can be easily damaged, especially for the marine animals lived in the ocean.
5. Harm the root and cause the plant’s slow growth
Not only does it eliminate the nutrients contained in these plants, but acid rain will also cause slow growth to the plants. Acid rain will inhibit growth in plants so that plants will tend to be stunted and unhealthy. If this has an increasingly serious impact, later it will be become a damage in the sea, for this can hamper the lives of other marine animals. Because plants are source of food for the marine animals, also where some small fish live. The causes of subsurface ocean currents you must know.
6. Causes sea water to contain toxins
The next effects of acid on ocean are acid from acid rain can make the water content in the sea become polluted. The level of acidity can be dangerous for marine biota, it can also damage and kill animals. Acid levels in marine ait can damage the habitat of marine biota, poisoning in fish, damage to coral reefs, also make marine plants die. Therefore, the high levels of acidic seawater are the cause and pollution in the future.
7. Risking human life
Acid rain that falls will have a special impact on humans. Humans will be more susceptible to various diseases. These diseases that easily infect humans are especially in the form of skin diseases. This is because the skin is the outermost part that has the most potential to come into direct contact with the acid rain that falls. The content of substances that are bada will cause skin diseases for humans. Especially when playing in seawater or doing activities in the sea such as swimming, snorkeling, diving, fishing and so on. Hence causes of deep ocean trenches not most of the people know.
8. Causes sea pollution
Acid Rain is acidic rain with a pH below 5.6. Increased acidity can occur due to the presence of certain compounds that are soluble in rainwater. The high level of acidity can harm the environment around us. This is one of the causes of pollution and pollution of sea water. The impact will cause good damage to animals in the sea as well as water in the sea itself. If this is greater and often occurs, then in the future it will be difficult to find and produce healthy marine animals as material for human consumption.
9. Erosion and Reduce Soil Fertility
Next is the effects of acid on ocean, which can make erosion and soil in the ocean damaged. Acid rain has a big effect on soil pollution in the sea. In addition, the acid content causes loss of minerals and various chemical compounds in it. This results in erosion and decreases soil fertility especially in the sea. In addition, the result of acid rain is that the soil becomes barren and turns off a variety of microorganisms in the soil so that the soil becomes less good for use as a living marine biota. The harmful effects of ocean pollution need to watch out.
10. Can damage the growth of coral reefs in the sea
In addition, acid rain can also damage coral reefs in the sea. Damage to coral reefs can certainly interfere with the ecosystem of the biota if coral reefs that are exposed to acid will eventually be damaged. Its growth becomes blocked even dies slowly. This is what will make fish and other animals whose lives depend on coral reefs. If coral reefs are extinct and die, the biota cannot expect food, a shelter for coral reefs. This is what causes the extinction of marine biota and animals in the future.
Apart from the explanation and example above, here is an example of the effects of acid on ocean that you can know below:
- Can cause an increase in metal content in seawater. Heavy metals are very dangerous and can pollute the water environment. This is because heavy metals are toxic and can disrupt the balance of ecosystems in the waters.
- The sea is the estuary of the river flow. Even the rainwater that comes down soaks the earth also comes down to the sea. However, if the rainwater contains a lot of acids can cause disruption of the ecosystem in the sea. This affects the number of fish populations and marine animals. These are the use of carbon in the ocean you need to know.
- Acidic rain can change the pH of the water so that fish that cannot adapt along with a change in pH will die and if this condition lasts long it can trigger an extinction. In addition, the presence of acid rain can cause the food chain in the sea to be disrupted.
So those are some examples and explanations about the effects of acid on ocean. Hopefully, we will be more aware of maintaining and preserving our marine so that it can remain healthy and free polluted from various pollution due to human activities themselves.