Indonesia is the biggest archipelago country in the world. The islands in Indonesia are very numerous and extend from Sabang to Merauke. No wonder, Indonesia is the country with the second longest coastline in the world. Thus, we have many kinds of seas, straits, bays, headlands and very many coastal ecosystems. One off the many parts of the sea that are quite a lot is a strait. A strait is a narrow sea between two islands or terrestrial ecosystems. thus the strait is a divider between two islands in the form of water. Some of the straits in Indonesia include the following:
- Madura Strait, the separator between Surabaya (Java Island) and Madura Island
- Alas Strait, the separator between Lombok and Sumbawa
- Alor Strait, separator between Lombleum Island and Bantar Island
- Badung Strait, the separator between Bali and Nusa Penida
- Bali Strait, the separator between Java and Bali
- Bangka Strait, the separator between Sumatra and Bangka
- Batahai Strait, the separator between West Nusa Tenggara and Moyo Island
- Karimata Strait, the separator between Sumatra and Kalimantan
- Sunda Strait, separator between Sumatra and Java
- Makassar Strait, separator between Kalimantan and Sulawesi
Those are some of the straits in Indonesia. In addition to the straits mentioned above, there are still many other straits in Indonesia. From the straits mentioned above there is one strait that is being watched because in that strait there is a very active volcano, namely Anak Krakatau Mountain. That strait is the Sunda Strait. On this occasion we will discuss the Sunda Strait.
Characteristics of the Sunda Strait
Before going to the characteristics, it’s better for us to understand about the definition of the strait first. So a strait is a narrow waterway that connects two parts of larger waters. Thus the strait is usually located between two lands or islands. One of the straits in Indonesia is the Sunda Strait, as for some characteristics of the Sunda Strait, among others, as follows:
- Located between Java and Sumatra
The most characteristic characteristic of a strait is its location. Of course this is a special feature. The Sunda Strait is a strait located between the islands of Java and Sumatra, precisely bordering Banten Province and Lampung Province.
- This is a link between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean
The Sunda Strait is a link between two wider waters, namely the waters of the South China Sea and also the Indian Ocean.
- The narrowest point, the width of the Sunda Strait is 30 km
Another characteristic possessed by the Sunda Strait is having the closest point as far as 30 kilometers.
- Many small islands around it
The Sunda Strait has other characteristics, it has many small islands scattered around it. Some of these islands enter Banten Province and part of Lampung Province.
- There are several islands with volcanic mountains that are still active
And this is another characteristic of the Sunda Strait which may not be shared by other straits. In the Sunda Strait there are several islands which are volcanic islands, namely islands which are home to volcanoes that are still very active. One of them is Anak Krakatau Island.
Now those are some of the characteristics possessed by the Sunda Strait which are not possessed by other straits. These characteristics describe the Sunda Strait in general.
Location of the Sunda Strait
As mentioned above, the Sunda Strait is located between the islands of Sumatra and Java, precisely between Banten Province and Lampung Province. The Sunda Strait is also a link between the South China Sea and the Indian Ocean. When we cross from the port of Merak to the port of Bakaheuni or vice versa, we cross the Sunda Strait.
Islands around the Sunda Strait
Around the Sunda Strait we can find various small islands. There are many islands around the Sunda Strait. Some islands are volcanic islands that contain active volcanoes. Some of the islands around the Sunda Strait are as follows:
- Sangiang Island
- Sebesi Island
- Pulau Tiga
- Pulau Anak Krakatau
- Tempurung Island
- Manggunang Island
- Sebuku Kecil Island
Now that’s the islands in the Sunda Strait which are small islands. These islands can be visited by humans and some are used as permanent residences, besides Java and Sumatra. In addition there are also the Thousand Islands which is also near the Sunda Strait. And there are also volcanic islands such as Panjang island and Sertung island. Thus the information we can convey about the Sunda Strait.