9 Properties of Water along with Examples
There are lots of things that we can find on the surface of the Earth. Objects have no life and certainly not life. On Earth, we can find various types of different objects. There are at least 3 types of objects that we can find on Earth, namely liquid, solid, and gas. These three objects are very different both in form and in nature. Liquid objects, for example, are water, for example, solid objects are stones and the most common gas object we encounter is air. On this occasion, we will discuss one of the properties of liquid matter, namely water.
Properties of Water
Water is a type of goods in the category of free goods, which in order to get water, humans, animals, and plants can get it freely. Thus all of us can take water for free, even though there are times when water can also be a rare item, namely when the dry season arrives.
Water is a type of object that is very easy to move. This is because water is a liquid. The liquid is also very identified with water. Liquid objects have special properties not possessed by solid objects or gas objects. It is also very attached to water called water properties. As for the nature of water, we will discuss in this article. There are at least 9 properties of water. The following are the properties of water:
- Can Change Form
The nature of one thing is that it can change form. Both liquid and gas objects have this first of being able to change form. Liquid has a changing nature and humans often use the nature of water on this one. Water when heated at a certain temperature and for a certain period of time, it will turn into steam. This water vapor is a form of a gas object. In addition, if the water is cooled in the refrigerator for example, then the water will turn into ice.
The object called ice is a form of solid matter so that from the two opposite conditions, we know that water can change into different forms of matter. Both of these water changes are very often used by humans. For example, water vapor is often used by humans in the health and beauty fields whereas cooled water will often be used for food or beverage which is the main ingredient in making cold drinks.
- Flow From a High Place to a Lower Place
The next characteristic of water is that it flows from a high place to a lower place. This might be the same as the Earth’s gravitational force that afflicts other objects on Earth, namely moving from a high place to a lower place. The second nature of water is very well known by humans. To prove it, we can easily see examples of river water and also waterfalls. The river is always filled with water flowing from the upstream side to the downstream side, as is the case with waterfalls.
Waterfall always flows from a height and falls to a lower place. The water movement in the mountain flows through the river and empties into the beach which incidentally has a lower land. In addition to the evidence from nature, we can also prove it ourselves, namely by pouring a glass of water on sloping land, then the motion of the water will go to the lowest land.
- Infuse Through Gaps
Water is a very flexible object or often referred to as liquid. One of the properties possessed by water is that it can seep through small cracks. These small gaps can be found in various places. The molecules possessed by small water can seep in a place with a small hole with a hole larger than the molecule that is owned by the water itself.
As a concrete example, the water we pour over the surface of the land is dry, so over time, the water will run out. This is because, in the soil, there are very small gaps that water can use to seep. And this also makes why water occupies one space so that the land around it will come wet even though the land is not directly drained by water.
- Has Capillary Nature
The hallmark of the famous water is having capillary properties. If we hear about capillarity, it is very synonymous with water. Then what is meant by capillarity itself? Water can move to test up against the Earth’s gravitational force through capillary forces. If previously we already knew the nature of water that can flow from a high place to a lower place, then water also has a force that can resist the force of gravity itself.
The style possessed by water to fight gravity is called capillary. To prove the existence of this trait, we can observe from the end of the cloth exposed to water. If only the end of the cloth is exposed to water, the water will eventually wet the other parts of the cloth, even if they are higher up. Another example is the thing that happens in oil lamps. The oil lamp axis is always burning because the oil at the bottom of the container is lifted to the end of the axis because of a force.
- The Surface is Calm or Flat
The next characteristic of water is that water has a calm surface and is also flat. We can observe this in the commune and the lake where the water there does not flow, so we will find that the water has a flat surface and is also calm. Water always has a flat surface and is also quiet no matter where.
After examples of lakes, ponds, and reservoirs, we can also prove it ourselves. For example, when we put water into a glass, into plastic and it is tilted, the water will remain flat. Water has a flat surface only when it is inserted into a place that is a vacuum. We will find a place like this, for example, in space. In space, water will fly like spilled even if we try to pour water into a glass, the water will suddenly be able to enter the glass itself.
- Has Mass
The next property possessed by water is to have mass or weight. Mass or weight is indeed a property possessed by all types of objects and this is no exception by liquid objects including water. We will find evidence of this trait very easily in our daily lives. What are the proofs? We can compare between empty buckets and also buckets filled with water. So if we try to lift it, we will be able to know the difference. A bucket filled with water will, of course, be heavier than an empty bucket that is not filled with water. In addition to buckets, there are even many containers that are heavy because they are filled with water, such as gallons, drums, and so on.
- Occupies Space
Occupying space is the nature that water has. Water is a very flexible object. That is, water can easily change shape according to the container that holds it. These properties are unique properties that are owned by water and not even possessed by solid objects. We can observe this trait in water in glasses, bottles, buckets, and so on. So if we put water in any container, it will never happen that the container hole is not enough for the water to enter. No matter how small, the container hole will be able to be entered by water because of its nature that occupies space.
- Can Dissolve Some Substances
The unique nature possessed by other water is that water can dissolve some substances. This trait is a well-known trait possessed by water. And we can also find these traits in everyday events. The nature of water is also very often used by humans. The nature of water that can dissolve some substances we often prove in everyday events is when we make drinks or dishes. The taste of water that is tasteless will change to sweetness when sugar has been added and stirred.
Likewise, when water is entered into salt, it will taste salty after we stir it. And if we have stirred sugar or salt, the form of the substance that is inserted (sugar or salt) will slowly disappear and merge into the taste. Besides taste, we can also pay attention through color. When we add dyes to the water, then the water that is originally clear will become cloudy because of the melting of the dye. These examples are examples of the properties that water has, that water can dissolve certain substances.
- Presses in All Directions
The last characteristic of water is to be able to press in all directions. When water is poured over a flat surface, the water will spread in all directions, both to the right, left, front, and back. All these airways will be exposed to water and the portion of water that spreads is the same. In addition, we can also observe when water is put in one container in full. Then we puncture the bottom of the container with several holes and in different directions. From there, we can find that the water will come out of all holes without distinguishing the position of the hole.
Those are some of the properties that water has as a liquid. Then, are these properties only possessed by water or are they also owned by other liquid objects? Of course, in general, liquid objects will have these properties but there are also some liquid objects that do not have some of the properties possessed by water. The properties mentioned above are characteristic of water and these properties can also be referred to as characteristics possessed by water.