Ocean biome makes animal, plants, and another abiotic matter meet. In a biome system or in this case is the ocean biome, food chain is created. The existence of food chain is that to maintain everything to be still in its number so the ecosystem will be still in balance. But, there are some problem caused by human that became the threat for the ocean biome balance. Such as overfishing, pollution, mining activity, and many more. And as a result there are so many species that are endangered and because of this our ecosystem become unbalance. And here I would like to share you with about some endangered species in the ocean biome.
- Threat to Ocean Organisms
- Threats to the Great Barrier Reef
- Threats to Marine Habitats
- Prevention of Marine Pollution – Ocean Pollution
1. Hammer Shark
Hammer shark can be found in the world wide ocean as long as the area has a warm water. The hammer shark can reach its length up to 6 m with its weight of 580 kg. There are about nine species of hammer shark that has already being identified and three of them are known particularly dangerous to human.
See also: Facts of Whale Shark
2. Short Tailed Albatross
Short tailed albatross is also known as Steller’s Albatross. This species of seabird can be found in the North Pacific. Most of them basically feed on squid but they usually also eat discarded offal. They get the discarded offal from the ship that throw it away, they follow the ship.
See also: Types of Small Ocean Fish
3. Elkhorn Coral
Its scientific name is Acropora palmata. This species of coral has a lot of branches that support another marine living being such as lobster, parrot fish, shrimps, and etc. Its size can reach the number of 3.7 m in diameter so the coral is quite big as a house to other beings. Elkhorn coral exist in the Caribbean Sea, Bahamas, Florida, Curacao, and Venezuela.
4. White Abalone
Basically there are about eight species of abalone, but white abalone is the endangered species. Its distribution takes place in the west coast of North America. White abalone can grow and reach its diameter length up to 10 inches or equal to 25 cm.
5. Johnson’s Seagrass
What makes Johnson’s seagrass different from any other seagrass is that because it is grow in a deeper area compare to seagrass in general. It also loves muddy bottom as their place to stay and grow. Its leave can grow up to 2.5 cm long. Johnson’s seagrass is reproduce asexually.
6. Rough Cactus Coral
Rough cactus coral reef has a scientific name of Mycetophyllia ferox Wells. This species of endangered coral reef can be found in the depth between 5 to 30 m beneath the sea. Even though the coral is native to western central Atlantik but you can also find the coral in the Caribbeam, Bahamas, and southern Gulf Mexico.
7. Staghorn coral
Stanghorn coral is a species of coral that can grow so fast and support the reef system. Its shape is like a cylindrical branch where it can grow up to 2 m in length and height. The existence of this coral can be found in the depth between 0 to 30 m beneath the sea. It can be found in the Caribbean Sea, Bahamas, Gulf of Mexico, and The Great Barrier Reef.
8. Peregrine Falcon
When peregrine falcon fly to hunt for their pret, it can reach its speed up to 320 km/h. Basically, peregrine falcon can be found everywhere except the cold place such as Arctic. About the diet, peregrine falcon feeds on another smaller seabirds, mammals, reptiles, and also insect. Its body length can reach a number of 58 cm with its wingspan up to 1.2 m long. And their weight is about 1000 g.
9. Shortnose sturgeon
Shortnose sturgeon can be found in almost all large river and estuary along the Atlantic seaboard. Its body can reach the number of 1.4 m in length and 23 kg in weight. Their life span can reach the number of 67 years old but mostly they only live up to 30 years. And about their diet, they feed on mollusks, crustaceans, benthic insect, and etc. The shortnose sturgeon choose fresh water as a place for them to spawn.
This fish is so hard to be found nowadays. They used to be found in the east coast of Africa, Indian, and Indonesia coastline. From the last fisheries of this rare species of fish, it was predicted that coelacanth can reach its number of body size up to 1.7 m in length and 60 kg in weight.
11. Beluga sturgeon
One amazing thing about beluga is that it can live up to 118 years because it has a late maturity period. The fish can be found in the Caspian basins, Black Sea basins, and Adriatic Sea. It feeds on another fish, waterfowl, and seal pups. Its body can reach the number of 7.2 m with its weight up to 1.571 kg.
12. Maui’s dolphin
Maui’s is the smallest and the rarest species of dolphin. You can only find this species of rare dolphin the North Island of New Zealand. The Maui’s dolphin loves to swim in the shallow area, that is why you will find them in the depth between 0 to 20 m beneath the sea. About their diet, maui’s dolphin feeds on small fish, squid, flatfish, and cod.
13. Boulder star coral
The exitence of this species of coral can be found in the depth between 1 m to 82 m beneath the sea. The coral it self is native to the western central Atlantic. This species of coral reef has a larger size compare to another species of coral reef. Its size can be 40% times bigger than the other species of coral reef.
14. Bruguiera hainesii
Bruguiera hainesii is one of the species of mangrove. The distribution of this specis of mangrove is around Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea. The very first time for the existence of this mangrove is Indonesia located in Kalimantan. In general, this species of mangrove can live up to 40 years long.
15. Humpback whale
Humpback whale can grow and reach its length up to 16 m with their weight up to 36.000 kg. It can dive and hold their breath up to 20 minutes in seek of food (e.g., krill, small shrimp). Because whale loves to migrate so you can find this species of whales in the oceans all around the world.
16. Florida Manatee
Florida manatee is a subspecies of West Indian Manatee. Its scientific name is T. m. latirostris. In the wild, florida manatee can life up to 28 years long. You can find Florida manatee in the river, coastal water, and estuaries in the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean.
17. Humphead wrasse
This is a species of fish that like to stay and get around the coral reef. Its body can grow and reach the number of 2 m with its weight up to 180 kg. About their life span, humphead wrasse can life up to 50 years. You can find this species of fish in the Indian and Pacific Ocean, for the smaller size of this species usually be found around the coral reef but the larger size or the adult usually swim deeper.
So those are some endangered species in the ocean biome. Hopefully now you can know what kind of species that are endangered. And by knowing it, you can also learn about how we can help to prevent the extinction of these species in the future later. Thank you for being our loyal and caring reader by reading our article until the end and still following our website. Do not forget to keep following our website because there will be more interesting article to come.